It is a place for the emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasty to offer sacrifices to the sun It is a good place for people who want to learn something about the royal etiquette
Information on this page last updated:2018-06-14 15:59:53
Beijing Ritan Park (北京日坛公园) is on Ritan Road North in Chaoyang District, about 10 km (6.2 miles) from the center of the city.
As one of the five famous altars in Beijing, Ritan Park, built in 1530, was the venue where the emperor offered sacrifice to the sun during Ming (1368-1644) and Qing dynasties (1644-1911). Ancient buildings in Ritan Park were devastated before 1949. In 1951, the Beijing government began the reconstruction of the relics in the park; and in 1956, Ritan Park was open to the public with an extended area of 206,200 sq meters (246,613 sq yards).
In recent years, new scenic areas are accessible to visitors. An amusement park has been built for children; anglers can have a great time in the fishing zone; music festivals, the flower shows in the spring, the adoption and caring for the ancient trees and other various activities attract lots of people.
Features: At first, the west-facing altar in Beijing Ritan Park was a raised rectangular white stone dais. Its surface was red glazed, symbolizing the sun. In the Qing Dynasty, the altar was rebuilt in brick, with nine-stair steps in the east, west, north, and south, each about 16.7 meters (18.3 yards) long, 16.7 meters wide and 2 meters (6.6 feet) high. The altar we see today in Ritan Park was reconstructed in 1985 in accordance with its form in the Qing Dynasty. Low walls covered with green glazed tiles surround the altar, measuring about 255 meters (279 yards) around and forming a square of about 4,667 sq meters (5,582 sq yards). The wall has six white stone gates on all four sides.
Three gates sit in the west; outside these gates, there are big iron stoves which were used to burn the oblations. The other three sides respectively have one gate. By the northwest of the square a palace called Jufu was built, which originally stands in the south and in 1742 in the Qing Dynasty, the Emperor Qianlong made it change its place. The Jufu Palace was a rectangular courtyard. Three main halls face the south and in the east and west sides of the palace separately stand the three other halls. There, the emperor could relax and change his clothes. Shen Ku (Holy Storehouse) and Shen Chu (Holy Kitchen) are located outside the north white stone gate. The west-facing Shen Ku is the place where the enshrined god worship tablets were stored, while the south-facing Shen Chu is where the oblations were made and deposited. Zaisheng Pavilion by the north of Shen Ku and Shen Chu is where animal sacrifices were slaughtered. In the Ritan Park, there are 44 ancient trees, one of which is a 1,100-year-old cypress tree. Its twisting, encircling and upward-pointing branches are just like nine black dragons, so it is named "Nine Dragon Cypress (Jiulong Cypress)". Yuxin Garden Yuxin Garden takes an area of 3,000 sq meters. The scenery is enchanting: walking along the winding path in the garden you can see a sycamore one meter (1.1 yards) in girth. The thick-branched and wide-spreading tree is like a beach umbrella, providing welcome shade for summer visitors.
Southwest Scenic Section: The forest-clad mountain and the beautiful lake complete the scene. The lake covers an area of about 4,700 sq meters (5,621 sq yards), and it sparkles in the sunlight. Ancient-style pavilions, painted stone and boats wait by the side of the lake. Qinghui Pavilion Qinghui Pavilion is located in the southeast side of Ritan Park. You can enjoy the beautiful sunrise here.
Address: No. 6 Chaowai Ritan North road, Chaoyang District, Beijing
Take Bus No. 1, 4, 729 to Ritan Road and continue towards the north for 400 meters to the south gate of Ritan Park; take Bus No. 44, 800, 750, to Yabaolu and go towards the east for 300 meters to the west gate of Ritan Park; take Bus No. 112, 846 to Shenlu street and continue towards the south for 200 meters; take bus No. 43, 110, 28 to Fangcaodi and continue towards the west for 200 meters to the north gate of Ritan Park.